National Atmospheric Deposition Program - A discussion of the causes and effects of acid rain. Generally, the young of most species are more sensitive to environmental conditions than adults. The excess sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides in acid rain damages automobile paint and corrodes surfaces.
Hence, sensitive soil microorganisms that cannot adapt to changes in pH are killed. Dimethly sulfide is a typical example of a major biological contributor to sulfur containing elements into the atmosphere. Everything in an ecosystem is connected.
Species including fish, plant and insect types in some lakes, rivers and brooks have been reduced and some even completely eliminated owing to excess acid rain flowing into the waters. According to the Healthy People report each year in the United States: These stick to the ground and other surfaces such as cars, houses, trees and buildings.
Auto and paint coating manufacturers are trying to develop protective coatings that prevent acid rain corrosion. Source of haze which reduces visibility. Simply put, it means rain that is acidic in nature due to the presence of certain pollutants in the air due to cars and industrial processes.
Eye, nose, and throat irritation; lung damage; bronchitis; cancer; early death. Forest damage due to acid rain is most evident in Eastern Europe — especially Germany, Poland and Switzerland. Princeton University - Environmental effects of particulate matter.
Acid rain directly affects the chemical and pH balances in ground water. These include wind energygeothermal energy, solar energyhydropower, and nuclear power. Causes of Acid Rain Both natural and man-made sources are known to play a role in the formation of acid rain.
Elmhurst College - Virtual chemistry book on acid rain effects and solutions. Some acidic lakes have no fish. Weakened plant life cannot tolerate extreme temperatures or fight off insects and disease. Acid rain also corrodes metals like steel, bronze, copper, and iron.
Restoring Damaged Environments Use of limestone or lime, a process called liming, is a practice that people can do to repair the damage caused by acid rain to lakes, rivers and brooks.
But it gained public attention mainly in s. Acid rain on buildings, especially those constructed with limestone, react with the minerals and corrode them away. Other pollutants, like ozone and particulate matter, cause respiratory and other health problems, particularly in children and the elderly.
Conserving energy is the number one way humans can prevent acid rain. Preventing acid rain is the only way to stop its deadly impact on the environment. But, it is mainly caused by combustion of fossil fuels which results in emissions of sulfur dioxide SO2 and nitrogen oxides NOx.
We do not understand climate well enough to play with radiative forcing effects of opposite sign and hope that they cancel each other. It is released into the air naturally during a volcanic eruption, but the primary cause of excess nitric and sulfuric acid in the environment is manmade.
In areas such as mountainous parts of the Northeast United States, the soil is thin and lacks the ability to adequately neutralize the acid in the rain water.
They also help reduce current rapid depletion of natural resources. Acid rain leads to weathering of buildings, corrosion of metals, and peeling of paints on surfaces. Fuel cells, natural gas, and batteries can also substitute use of fossil fuel as cleaner energy sources.
Over a period of time, acids get accumulated in the water and lower the overall pH of the water body. Technology for SO2 emission control is expensive but readily available scrubbers on combustion stacks, sulfur recovery during oil refining. When these gases react with water molecules and oxygen among other chemicals found in the atmosphere, mild acidic chemical compounds such as sulfuric and nitric acid are formed resulting to acid rain.
Acid rain is caused by pollution. Lower pHs can also kill adult fish. E conomic Effects The effects of air pollution on human health and the environment have economic impacts. The trees are then less able to absorb sunlight, which makes them weak and less able to withstand freezing temperatures.The control of SO2 emissions in the United States was initially motivated by the air quality standard for SO2 (SO2 is a toxic gas) rather than by concern over acid rain; the original Clean Air Act of did not include acid rain under its purview.
Human Impact on Environment. STUDY. In addition to statues and building, acid rain regularly damages stained glass, railroad lines, airplanes, cars, steel bridges, and underground pipes.
Europe was forced to lift its ban due to pressure from the World Trade Organization and the United States. But, acid rain can have a pH of aboutand can even be in the 4 range in the northeastern United States, where there are a lot of industries and cars.
Causes of acid rain Acidic precipitation can be caused by natural (volcanoes) and man-made activities, such as from cars and in the generation of electricity.
Acid rain may be one of the most significant environmental problems of the coming decade. It poses new challenges to the full development of our forest, agricultural, and aquatic resources; and to the use of fossil fuels as an energy source.
United States Geological Survey - The USGS' Water Science for Schools page on acid rain. The Encyclopedia of Earth - Dr.
Gene E. Likens' presents a detailed report on acid rain. Washington University - An outline of the chemical composition of acid rain. , states that acid rain causes $6 billion a year in damage to crops, forests, lakes, and buildings.
The potential economic impact of global warming is estimated to be in the billions of dollars.
The potential economic impact of global warming is estimated to be in the billions of dollars.Download