This also leads to the occurrence of disguised unemployment and underemployment in the agricultural sector. They are an asset if in adequate strength and prove to be a liability if excess in strength.
Effect on per Capita Income: This is the reason, the under-developed countries with rapid growing population are generally faced with a problem of food shortage.
Some scientists believe that our advances in Science will help augment the demands of a growing population. Old persons above the age of 60 and many more in the age group of do not find employment. Poor distribution of food resulting to hunger and deaths.
These factors are mainly responsible for stagnation in such economies. Rapid Population Growth creates Food Problem: Population explosion leads to environmental degradation. Reduction in exports makes us unable to pay for imports and we have to depend on foreign aid.
Disguised unemployment in rural areas and open unemployment in urban areas are the normal features of an under developed country like India.
Impact on Maternity Welfare: Population and Vicious Circle in Poverty: This dependency adversely affects effective saving. The growth of population is relatively very high in rural areas and it has disturbed the land man ratio. Frequent pregnancy without having a gap is hazardous to the health of the mother and the child.
The evidence is everywhere. Unemployment, underemployment and disguised employment are common features in these countries. Burden of Unproductive Consumers: By yearwe will need 3 Earths to continue living the way we do. Growing Population lowers Standard of Living: Large size of population in India and its rapid rate of growth results into low per capita availability of capital.
This brings the standard of living low.
It requires lakh tonnes of food grains, 1. This adversely affects the growth rate of the economy.
So a large part of foreign exchange is spent on it. The effect of growing population will be an increased demand for resources and space. It reduces per Capita Availability of Capital: People have to spend a large portion of their resources for bringing up of their wards.
Large Population creates the Problem of Unemployment: In India, annual growth rate of population is 1.
A welfare state line India is pledged to meet social needs of the people adequately and for this, the government has to spend a lot on providing basic facilities like education, housing and medical aid.Some negative effects of population growth are insecurity, crime, unemployment, underdevelopment, inequitable sharing of resources, and increased pollution of the environment.
These negative effects lead to subsequent problems such as clashes and fighting. Effect of Population on Resources. Population growth was a concern as far back aswhen English economist Thomas Malthus predicted that it would eventually reduce overall living standards.
But it is possible that the effect of population growth on economic development has been exaggerated, or that no single generalization is justified for countries differing as widely in growth rates, densities, and income levels as do today's less developed areas.
Future population growth can only result to further degradation of our environment. It’s going to take some time before our efforts to correct our mistakes will have an effect. Not mentioned here are the effects of global warming, which will surely worsen due to the increased carbon footprint.
In economics, labour is a factor of production and with an increase in the labour force, due to population growth, the total output may increase causing the GDP to increase. In general, population growth is driven by a higher birth rate than death rate, though several smaller factors impact that ratio comparison.
Increased diversity and human capital are among the positive effects of population growth. It is often the negative effects, such as overcrowding, food and.Download